A Complete Glossary of Knitting & Crochet Abbreviations

When you’re new to knitting, getting to know the abbreviations can be pretty overwhelming and can feel like learning a new language. But don’t worry, we’re here to help! We’ve put together an easy-to-navigate list of common knitting abbreviations to help you along the way in your knitting ventures.



alt – alternate

approx – approximately

beg – beginning

bet – between

C4F – (cable 4 front) slip two stitches to cable needle, hold at front  of work, k2, k2 from cable needle

C4B – (cable 4 back) slip two stitches onto cable needle, hold at back of work, k2, k2 from cable needle

ch – chain stitch

ch sp – chain space

circ – circular needles

cn – cable needle

cont – continue

dc – double crochet

dc2tog – (insert hook into next stitch, yarn over hook, pull through loop) twice, yarn over hook, pull through all three loops on hook

dec – decrease by working 2 stitches together – to dec 1 st, insert right needle knitwise or purlwise in 2 stitches on left needle and complete as if knitting/purling 1 stitch

dpn – double pointed needles

dtc – double treble crochet

foll – following

gst – garter stitch – knit every stitch on every row

htc – half treble crochet

inc – increase by working twice in 1 stitch – to inc 1 st, knit/purl in next stitch and without dropping the stitch, work into the back of the stitch again and then drop it

k – knit

kfb – knit into the front and back of the next stitch

k2tog – knit two stitches together

lp – loop

m1 – make one stitch, by picking up the horizontal loop before next stitch and knitting into back of it

m1p – make one stitch, by picking up the horizontal loop before next stitch and purling into back of it

meas – measure

p – purl

pfb – purl into the front and back of next stitch

pm – place marker

p2tog – purl two stitches together

psso – pass slipped stitch over

p2sso – pass two slipped stitches over and off needle

rem – remain

rep – repeat

rev st st – reverse stocking stitch (p on RS row, k on WS row)

rm – remove marker

RS – right side

skpo – slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over

sk2po – slip next stitch purlwise, knit two together, pass slipped stitch over and off needle

sl 2, k1, p2sso – slip next two stitches knitwise at the same time, knit one, pass both slipped stitches over

sl1 – slip one stitch

sl st – slip stitch

ssk – one by one, slip the next two stitches knitwise. Put your left needle through the front loops of both slipped stitches and knit them together

st(s) – stitch(es)

st st – stocking stitch (k on RS row, p on WS row)

tbl – through the back of the loop(s)

tr – treble crochet through the back of the loop(s)

WS – wrong side

wyib – with yarn in back

wyif – with yarn in front

yf – yarn forward – bring the yarn between the needles (back to front)

* – repeat instructions following the asterisk as many times as instructed

[…] – work instructions inside the brackets as many times as instructed



So not many to learn… If you’d like to print a copy of our knitting abbreviations glossary to keep in your wool stash, you can download a free PDF of our list by clicking the button below.

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